Dragon Fruit Strengthens Kidney Function
Sajen for this god is very beneficial for human health. Fruits rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals are able to prevent various degenerative diseases, reduce emotional stress, and neutralize toxins in the blood.
Dragon fruit has a very unique and interesting appearance. Its size is as big as mango gedong lipstick, with red color burning. His skin is like a large serpent (dragon) scales, but not because it is known as a dragon fruit. It is sweet and fresh and slightly sour.
Some have linked it with myths capable of lowering blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Lately these fruit plants also began to be utilized as a fruiting ornamental plant that is planted in pots.
The fiber content of the dragon fruit is very good, reaching 0.7-0.9 grams per 100 grams. Fiber is needed by the body to lower cholesterol levels. In the gastrointestinal tract the fibers will bind bile acids (the final product of cholesterol) and then excreted with feces. Thus, the higher the consumption of fiber, the more bile acids and fats released by the body.
In addition to preventing cholesterol, fiber content in dragon fruit is also very useful in the digestive system. Dietary fiber (dietary fiber) is able to shorten the transit time, ie the time it takes food from the oral cavity to the rest of the food is removed in the form of feces. Meanwhile, dietary fiber will bind carcinogenic substances. Thanks to the short transit time, the time carcinogenic substances living in the body is also getting shorter, so the opportunity to harm the body is getting smaller (Goldberg, 1994).
Food fiber is very good to prevent diabetes mellitus, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and other cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, fiber consumption in Indonesia is still very low, which is about 10 grams per person per day. In fact, the recommended dietary fiber consumption is 20-30 grams per person per day.
Dragon fruit is famous as one source of beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is a provitamin A in the body will be converted into vitamin A which is very useful in the process of vision, reproduction, and other metabolic processes.
It is estimated that every 6 micrograms of beta-carotene have biological activity equivalent to 1 microgram of retinol. The FAO-WHO group has calculated that only half of the absorbed beta-carotene will be converted to vitamin A. About one-sixth of the carotene content in the diet will eventually be utilized by the body.
Beta carotene is also a type of antioxidant that can play an important role in reducing the concentration of peroxyl radicals. The ability of beta-carotene to work as an antioxidant comes from its ability to stabilize carbon core radicals. Because beta-carotene is effective at low concentrations of oxygen, it can complement the effective antioxidant properties of vitamin E at high concentrations of oxygen.
Beta-carotene is also known as an element of cancer prevention, especially skin and lung cancer. Beta-carotene can reach more parts of the body in a relatively longer time compared with vitamin A, thus providing more optimal protection against the emergence of cancer.
According to Al Leong from Johncola Pitaya Food R & D, dragon fruit is very good for the circulatory system. Also very effective to reduce emotional pressure and neutralize toxins in the blood.
Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development said that dragon fruit can lower cholesterol, blood sugar balancing, strengthen kidney and bone function, and improve the work of the brain. The efficacy of dragon fruit is still not known by the wider community. In addition to research that is still very limited, this fruit is still very rare. In fact, there are still many of us who do not know this fruit at all.
Dragon fruit is a good source of vitamins and minerals. Vitamin B1 levels in dragon fruit reach 0.3 mg per 100 grams of fruit flesh. The daily consumption of vitamin B1 per person recommended by Widyakarya National Food and Nutrition (2004) was 0.5-0.9 mg for children under 10 years, and 0.9-1.0 mg for adults. Pregnant women and mothers who are breastfeeding need an additional 0.3 mg per day above their normal needs.
In principle, thiamine (vitamin B1) acts as a coenzyme in reactions that produce energy from carbohydrates and transfers energy to form energy-rich compounds called ATP. Thiamine deficiency will cause polyneuritis (dry beriberi), caused by disruption of nerve transmission or neural networks suffering from energy deficiency. The symptoms of early thiamine deficiency are fatigue, loss of appetite, decreased body weight, and indigestion.
Dragon fruit also contains potassium, iron, protein, calcium in a number good enough to increase endurance. These substances are also good for neutralizing toxins in the blood, improving vision, and preventing hypertension.
The water content of the dragon fruit is also quite high, reaching 83 grams per 100 g of fruit flesh. Therefore, dragon fruit can also be made a delicious dessert.
Nutrient composition per 100 grams dragon fruit flesh (Components and Levels)
Water (g) 82,5-83,0
Protein (g) 0.16-0.23
Fat (g) 0.21-0.61
Fiber / dietary fiber (g) 0.7-0.9
Betakarotene (mg) 0.005-0.012
Calcium (mg) 6.3-8.8
Phosphorus (mg) 30,2-36,1
Iron (mg) 0,55-0,65
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.28-0.30
Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.043-0.045
Vitamin C (mg) 8-9
Niacin (mg) 1,297-1,300
LACK OF SARIAWAN
Dragon Fruit (Dragon Fruit) is now more familiar to our ears. Whereas until 2001, this fruit can only be found in Israel, Australia, Thailand, and Vietnam. Now, this fruit is easy to find in supermarkets in Indonesia.
The plant is native to Mexico, northern South America, and spread to surrounding countries, including Guyama. Initially, dragon fruit was brought to the Indochina area by a French man sometime around 1870, from Guyama, as an ornament. The reason is simple, the figure is unique and the flowers are pretty white. When it blooms on the night of the 1st and 15th of the Komariah calendar, it emits a fragrant scent.
Type of dragon fruit there are four kinds. First, dragon fruit white meat (Hylocereus undatus). The reddish skin is in stark contrast to the white meat inside. Inside the flesh was scattered black seeds. This type is easy to find in both local and foreign markets. The average weight per fruit of 400-500 grams, some are up to 650 grams.
This type of fruit has a sweet taste mixed with fresh, has greenish scales or tufts on the outside, and the level of sweetness is relatively low compared with other types of dragon fruit. Sweetness level 10-13 brik. This plant is very suitable to be planted in dry land, and in one planting age can last up to 20 years.
Second, red dragon flesh (Hylocereus polyrhizus). The figure of this type of plant is more muscular. In the trunk and branches, the distance between the antleruras is more dense. The weight of the fruit an average of 400-500 grams. The flesh is red purple. Sweetness level 13-15 brik.
Third, red meat dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis). The trunk is bigger and colored when it is old. Red fruit skin and frayed. The size of the fruit an average of 400-500 grams. Sweetness level 13-15 brik.
Fourth, dragon fruit yellow skin white meat (Selenicerius megalanthus). His appearance is typical with yellow skin and without scales or tassels. Skin texture tends to be smooth, like apples, so dubbed apple cactus. Sweetness level 15-18 brik. The size of the fruit is 80-100 grams.
Plants whose fruits are oval-shaped like pineapple fruit, rich in vitamins and minerals with enough fiber content that is suitable for diet. Sinse David explained from Clinic Cikini, Jakarta, dragon fruit in addition has high economic value, also efficacious. European communities believe that dragon fruit is able to lower cholesterol, balance blood sugar levels, prevent colon cancer, strengthen kidney function, bone, and brain power, improve eye sharpness, treat whiteness, and as a protector of oral health, including canker sores.